2. Wayang - Indonesia
The name may not be familiar but translate it to English and it becomes Javanese puppet theater. Thought to date back to the 1st century when it was imported from India or China, there are some regional variations with forms of Javanese Wayang and Balinese Wayang, but the principles of the performance remain the same. The most well known is Wayang Kulit where the puppets are made from buffalo hides mounted on bamboo sticks which are moved in front of a light to cast shadows on a white screen. You need to have endurance to attend a Wayang Kulit performance as many go on for a whole night as the puppet masters act out their dramas.